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21 February 2011 Laser-chemical finishing of micro forming tools
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Abstract
In this contribution, we report on a laser-chemical removal method for precise machining of micro forming tools. Thereby, a focused machining laser beam is guided coaxially to an etchant jet stream. Since the material removal is caused by laser-induced chemical reactions using this method, machining is achieved at low laser powers. Hence, material stressing involving micro cracks and further parasitic effects can be avoided. Due to these advantages, this method offers a suitable technique for the finishing of precision micro tools. Several experiments have been performed at rotary swaging jaws made of Stellite 21 in order to chamfer the edged transition section between the operating sphere and the tool flank. The influence of both different laser powers and work piece traverse speeds has been investigated. For this purpose, several parallel laser paths were applied along the edged transition section when varying the process parameters. Here, the incident laser beam is subjected to different angles of incidence. Due to reflection effects, the process parameters have to be matched with respect to the particular angle of incidence during the machining. In this vein, the edged transition section of rotary swaging jaws was chamfered at radii in the range of 120 μm.
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Andreas Stephen, Christoph Gerhard, and Frank Vollertsen "Laser-chemical finishing of micro forming tools", Proc. SPIE 7921, Laser-based Micro- and Nanopackaging and Assembly V, 79210J (21 February 2011); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.873705
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