21 February 2011 Modeling and analysis of multijunction solar cells
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Abstract
The modeling of high efficiency, multijunction (MJ) solar cells away from the radiative limit is presented. In the model, we quantify the effect of non-radiative recombination by using radiative efficiency as a figure of merit to extract realistic values of performance under different spectral conditions. This approach represents a deviation from the traditional detailed balance approximation, where losses in the device are assumed to occur purely through radiative recombination. For lattice matched multijunction solar cells, the model predicts efficiency values of 37.1% for AM0 conditions and 52.8% under AM1.5D at 1 sun and 500X, respectively. In addition to the theoretical study, we present an experimental approach to achieving these high efficiencies by implementing a lattice matched triple junction (TJ) solar cell grown on InP substrates. The projected efficiencies of this approach are compared to results for the state of the art inverted-metamorphic (IMM) technology. We account for the effect of metamorphic junctions, essential in IMM technology, by employing reduced radiative efficiencies as derived from recent data. We show that high efficiencies, comparable to current GaAs-based MJ technology, can be accomplished without any relaxed layers for growth on InP, and derive the optimum energy gaps, material alloys, and quantum-well structures necessary to realize them.
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María González, Ngai Chan, Nicholas J. Ekins-Daukes, Jessica G. J. Adams, Paul Stavrinou, Igor Vurgaftman, Jerry R. Meyer, Joshua Abell, Robert J. Walters, Cory D. Cress, Phillip P. Jenkins, "Modeling and analysis of multijunction solar cells", Proc. SPIE 7933, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XIX, 79330R (21 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.875757; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.875757
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