3 February 2011 Toner display based on particle control technologies
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Abstract
Toner Display is based on an electrical movement of charged particles. Two types of black toner and white particles charged in the different electric polarity are enclosed between two electrodes. The particle movement is controlled by the external electric field applied between two transparent electrodes. The toner is collected to the electrode by an electrostatic force across the insulating layer to display a black image. The toners can be put back to the counter electrode by applying a reverse electric field, and white solid image is displayed. We have studied on the movement of three color particles independently to display color image in Toner Display. Two positively charged color particles with different amount of charge to mass ratio and negatively charged white particles were enclosed in the toner display cell. Yellow, cyan and white images were displayed by an application of voltage.
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Takashi Kitamura, Takashi Kitamura, } "Toner display based on particle control technologies", Proc. SPIE 7956, Advances in Display Technologies; and E-papers and Flexible Displays, 79560E (3 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.876047; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.876047
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