16 March 2011 Quantum-counting CT in the regime of count-rate paralysis: introduction of the pile-up trigger method
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Abstract
The application of quantum-counting detectors in clinical Computed Tomography (CT) is challenged by extreme X-ray fluxes provided by modern high-power X-ray tubes. Scanning of small objects or sub-optimal patient positioning may lead to situations where those fluxes impinge on the detector without attenuation. Even in operation modes optimized for high-rate applications, with small pixels and high bias voltage, CdTe/CdZnTe detectors deliver pulses in the range of several nanoseconds. This can result in severe pulse pile-up causing detector paralysis and ambiguous detector signals. To overcome this problem we introduce the pile-up trigger, a novel method that provides unambiguous detector signals in rate regimes where classical rising-edge counters run into count-rate paralysis. We present detailed CT image simulations assuming ideal sensor material not suffering from polarization effects at high X-ray fluxes. This way we demonstrate the general feasibility of the pile-up trigger method and quantify resulting imaging properties such as contrasts, image noise and dual-energy performance in the high-flux regime of clinical CT devices.
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S. Kappler, S. Kappler, S. Hölzer, S. Hölzer, E. Kraft, E. Kraft, K. Stierstorfer, K. Stierstorfer, T. Flohr, T. Flohr, } "Quantum-counting CT in the regime of count-rate paralysis: introduction of the pile-up trigger method", Proc. SPIE 7961, Medical Imaging 2011: Physics of Medical Imaging, 79610T (16 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.877939; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.877939
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