16 March 2011 Verification of the performance accuracy of a real-time skin-dose tracking system for interventional fluoroscopic procedures
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A tracking system has been developed to provide real-time feedback of skin dose and dose rate during interventional fluoroscopic procedures. The dose tracking system (DTS) calculates the radiation dose rate to the patient's skin using the exposure technique parameters and exposure geometry obtained from the x-ray imaging system digital network (Toshiba Infinix) and presents the cumulative results in a color mapping on a 3D graphic of the patient. We performed a number of tests to verify the accuracy of the dose representation of this system. These tests included comparison of system-calculated dose-rate values with ionization-chamber (6 cc PTW) measured values with change in kVp, beam filter, field size, source-to-skin distance and beam angulation. To simulate a cardiac catheterization procedure, the ionization chamber was also placed at various positions on an Alderson Rando torso phantom and the dose agreement compared for a range of projection angles with the heart at isocenter. To assess the accuracy of the dose distribution representation, Gafchromic film (XR-RV3, ISP) was exposed with the beam at different locations. The DTS and film distributions were compared and excellent visual agreement was obtained within the cm-sized surface elements used for the patient graphic. The dose (rate) values agreed within about 10% for the range of variables tested. Correction factors could be applied to obtain even closer agreement since the variable values are known in real-time. The DTS provides skin-dose values and dose mapping with sufficient accuracy for use in monitoring diagnostic and interventional x-ray procedures.
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Daniel R. Bednarek, Daniel R. Bednarek, Jeffery Barbarits, Jeffery Barbarits, Vijay K. Rana, Vijay K. Rana, Srikanta P. Nagaraja, Srikanta P. Nagaraja, Madhur S. Josan, Madhur S. Josan, Stephen Rudin, Stephen Rudin, } "Verification of the performance accuracy of a real-time skin-dose tracking system for interventional fluoroscopic procedures", Proc. SPIE 7961, Medical Imaging 2011: Physics of Medical Imaging, 796127 (16 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.877677; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.877677

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