11 March 2011 Identifying intrasulcal medial surfaces for anatomically consistent reconstruction of the cerebral cortex
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Proceedings Volume 7962, Medical Imaging 2011: Image Processing; 79620N (2011) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.877863
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2011, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando), Florida, United States
Abstract
A novel approach to identifying poorly resolved boundaries between adjacent sulcal cortical banks in MR images of the human brain is presented. The algorithm calculates an electrostatic potential field in a partial differential equation (PDE) model of an inhomogeneous dielectric layer of gray matter that surrounds conductive white matter. Correspondence trajectories and geodesic distances are computed along the streamlines of the potential field gradient using PDEs in a Eulerian framework. The skeleton of a sulcal medial boundary is identified by a simple procedure that finds irregularities/collisions in the field of correspondences. The skeleton detection procedure is robust to noise, does not produce spurious artifacts and does not require tunable parameters. Results of the algorithm are compared with a closely related technique, called Anatomically Consistent Enhancement (ACE) (Han et al. CRUISE: Cortical reconstruction using implicit surface evolution, 2004). Results demonstrate that the approach proposed here has a number of advantages over ACE and produces skeletons with a more regular structure. This algorithm was developed as a part of a more general PDE-based framework for cortical reconstruction, which integrates the potential field gradient flow and the skeleton barriers into a level set deformable model. This technique is primarily aimed at anatomically consistent and accurate reconstruction of cortical surface models in the presence of imaging noise and partial volume effects, but the identified intrasulcal medial surfaces can serve other purposes as well, e.g. as landmarks in nonrigid registration, or as sulcal ribbons that characterize the cortical folding.
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Sergey Osechinskiy, Sergey Osechinskiy, Frithjof Kruggel, Frithjof Kruggel, } "Identifying intrasulcal medial surfaces for anatomically consistent reconstruction of the cerebral cortex", Proc. SPIE 7962, Medical Imaging 2011: Image Processing, 79620N (11 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.877863; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.877863
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