11 March 2011 White matter lesion segmentation using machine learning and weakly labeled MR images
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 7962, Medical Imaging 2011: Image Processing; 79622G (2011) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.878237
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2011, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando), Florida, United States
We propose a fast, learning-based algorithm for segmenting white matter (WM) lesions for magnetic resonance (MR) brain images. The inputs to the algorithm are T1, T2, and FLAIR images. Unlike most of the previously reported learning-based algorithms, which treat expert labeled lesion map as ground truth in the training step, the proposed algorithm only requires the user to provide a few regions of interest (ROI's) containing lesions. An unsupervised clustering algorithm is applied to segment these ROI's into areas. Based on the assumption that lesion voxels have higher intensity on FLAIR image, areas corresponding to lesions are identified and their probability distributions in T1, T2, and FLAIR images are computed. The lesion segmentation in 3D is done by using the probability distributions to generate a confidence map of lesion and applying a graph based segmentation algorithm to label lesion voxels. The initial lesion label is used to further refine the probability distribution estimation for the final lesion segmentation. The advantages of the proposed algorithm are: 1. By using the weak labels, we reduced the dependency of the segmentation performance on the expert discrimination of lesion voxels in the training samples; 2. The training can be done using labels generated by users with only general knowledge of brain anatomy and image characteristics of WM lesion, instead of these carefully labeled by experienced radiologists; 3. The algorithm is fast enough to make interactive segmentation possible. We test the algorithm on nine ACCORD-MIND MRI datasets. Experimental results show that our algorithm agrees well with expert labels and outperforms a support vector machine based WM lesion segmentation algorithm.
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Yuchen Xie, Yuchen Xie, Xiaodong Tao, Xiaodong Tao, } "White matter lesion segmentation using machine learning and weakly labeled MR images", Proc. SPIE 7962, Medical Imaging 2011: Image Processing, 79622G (11 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.878237; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.878237

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