8 March 2011 Classification of pulmonary emphysema from chest CT scans using integral geometry descriptors
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Abstract
To gain insight into the underlying pathways of emphysema and monitor the effect of treatment, methods to quantify and phenotype the different types of emphysema from chest CT scans are of crucial importance. Current standard measures rely on density thresholds for individual voxels, which is influenced by inspiration level and does not take into account the spatial relationship between voxels. Measures based on texture analysis do take the interrelation between voxels into account and therefore might be useful for distinguishing different types of emphysema. In this study, we propose to use Minkowski functionals combined with rotation invariant Gaussian features to distinguish between healthy and emphysematous tissue and classify three different types of emphysema. Minkowski functionals characterize binary images in terms of geometry and topology. In 3D, four Minkowski functionals are defined. By varying the threshold and size of neighborhood around a voxel, a set of Minkowski functionals can be defined for each voxel. Ten chest CT scans with 1810 annotated regions were used to train the method. A set of 108 features was calculated for each training sample from which 10 features were selected to be most informative. A linear discriminant classifier was trained to classify each voxel in the lungs into a subtype of emphysema or normal lung. The method was applied to an independent test set of 30 chest CT scans with varying amounts and types of emphysema with 4347 annotated regions of interest. The method is shown to perform well, with an overall accuracy of 95%.
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E. M. van Rikxoort, E. M. van Rikxoort, J. G. Goldin, J. G. Goldin, M. Galperin-Aizenberg, M. Galperin-Aizenberg, M. S. Brown, M. S. Brown, } "Classification of pulmonary emphysema from chest CT scans using integral geometry descriptors", Proc. SPIE 7963, Medical Imaging 2011: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 79631O (8 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.878180; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.878180
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