9 March 2011 Automated classification and visualization of healthy and pathological dental tissues based on near-infrared hyper-spectral imaging
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Abstract
Despite major improvements in dental healthcare and technology, dental caries remains one of the most prevalent chronic diseases of modern society. The initial stages of dental caries are characterized by demineralization of enamel crystals, commonly known as white spots which are difficult to diagnose. If detected early enough, such demineralization can be arrested and reversed by non-surgical means through well established dental treatments (fluoride therapy, anti-bacterial therapy, low intensity laser irradiation). Near-infrared (NIR) hyper-spectral imaging is a new promising technique for early detection of demineralization based on distinct spectral features of healthy and pathological dental tissues. In this study, we apply NIR hyper-spectral imaging to classify and visualize healthy and pathological dental tissues including enamel, dentin, calculus, dentin caries, enamel caries and demineralized areas. For this purpose, a standardized teeth database was constructed consisting of 12 extracted human teeth with different degrees of natural dental lesions imaged by NIR hyper-spectral system, X-ray and digital color camera. The color and X-ray images of teeth were presented to a clinical expert for localization and classification of the dental tissues, thereby obtaining the gold standard. Principal component analysis was used for multivariate local modeling of healthy and pathological dental tissues. Finally, the dental tissues were classified by employing multiple discriminant analysis. High agreement was observed between the resulting classification and the gold standard with the classification sensitivity and specificity exceeding 85 % and 97 %, respectively. This study demonstrates that NIR hyper-spectral imaging has considerable diagnostic potential for imaging hard dental tissues.
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Peter Usenik, Peter Usenik, Miran Bürmen, Miran Bürmen, Tomaž Vrtovec, Tomaž Vrtovec, Aleš Fidler, Aleš Fidler, Franjo Pernuš, Franjo Pernuš, Boštjan Likar, Boštjan Likar, } "Automated classification and visualization of healthy and pathological dental tissues based on near-infrared hyper-spectral imaging", Proc. SPIE 7963, Medical Imaging 2011: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 796340 (9 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.878264; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.878264
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