9 March 2011 A novel method for eliminating autofluorescence of small animals in fluorescence molecular imaging
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As a newly emerged optical imaging method, fluorescence molecular imaging technique has been receiving increasing attention for its ability of non-invasive visualization of the cellular and molecular activities. However, as a kind of background noise, autofluorescence is a major disturbing factor in fluorescence molecular imaging. In this paper, we proposed a novel method to eliminate autofluorescence of small animals. The method is based on the fact that most autofluorescent signal has a broad excitation and emission spectrum, whereas specific fluorescent probe has a narrow one. First, two fluorescent images are obtained at two different excitation wavelengths. Then we divide the two obtained fluorescent images into blocks with the size of 8×8 pixel. The two blocks from the same position of the two different images respectively constitute a block pair. The ratio of one block's summation of total pixel value to that of ther other block belonging to the same block pair is calculated. After that, we classify all block pairs into fluorescent and nonfluorescent ones by ratio. The former are considered to be actual fluorescent regions. In next step, we adopt an adaptive cluster analysis method to classify all fluorescent block pairs into multiple interest regions. A general centroid algorithm is then applied to locate the center of each interest regions. We recover the fluorescent interest regions using flood filling algorithm. Finally, we choose a GFP-transfected tumor mouse model and a GFP-transplanted mouse skin model to validate our algorithm.
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Zhenwen Xue, Jie Tian, Dong Han, Xibo Ma, "A novel method for eliminating autofluorescence of small animals in fluorescence molecular imaging", Proc. SPIE 7965, Medical Imaging 2011: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 79651D (9 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.878083; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.878083

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