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3 March 2011 Assessment of updated CAD without a new reader study: effect of calibration of computer output on the computer-aided reader performance in CADx
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Abstract
It is very resource-demanding to assess each new version of a CAD system through a new reader study. We conjecture that the aided reader performance on a new version can be predicted by using certain characteristics of the computer output and the reader study conducted when the CAD system was initially introduced. This would likely reduce the need for additional reader studies. However, investigations are needed to develop a sound scientific foundation to test this conjecture. In this work, we consider a CADx system that outputs a disease score to aid the physician in making a diagnostic decision on a located lesion. Our major contribution is to show that calibration, reflected as a change in scale, is a characteristic of the computer output that needs to be considered in order to predict the aided reader performance in a new CADx version without a reader study. We used a bivariate bi-beta distribution to model the joint distribution of the decision variable underlying the reader without aid and the decision variable underlying the version 1 computer output in the initial version. We then applied a monotonic transformation to the computer output to simulate the computer output in a new version, i.e., the scores in the two versions differ only in calibration (specifically a change in scale). By further modeling certain mechanisms that the human reader may use for combining the computer output and the reader-alone scores, we computed the aided reader performance in terms of AUC for the new version of the CADx system. Our results show that the aided reader performance could depend on the degree of calibration difference between the two CAD system outputs. We conclude that for the purpose of predicting the aided reader performance of a new version of the CADx system, ROC performance (or any other rank-based metric) of the stand-alone CADx system may not be sufficient by itself.
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Weijie Chen, Nicholas Petrick, and Berkman Sahiner "Assessment of updated CAD without a new reader study: effect of calibration of computer output on the computer-aided reader performance in CADx", Proc. SPIE 7966, Medical Imaging 2011: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, 79661P (3 March 2011); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.878278
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