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25 March 2011 Calibration of 3D ultrasound to an electromagnetic tracking system
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The use of electromagnetic (EM) tracking is an important guidance tool that can be used to aid procedures requiring accurate localization such as needle injections or catheter guidance. Using EM tracking, the information from different modalities can be easily combined using pre-procedural calibration information. These calibrations are performed individually, per modality, allowing different imaging systems to be mixed and matched according to the procedure at hand. In this work, a framework for the calibration of a 3D transesophageal echocardiography probe to EM tracking is developed. The complete calibration framework includes three required steps: data acquisition, needle segmentation, and calibration. Ultrasound (US) images of an EM tracked needle must be acquired with the position of the needles in each volume subsequently extracted by segmentation. The calibration transformation is determined through a registration between the segmented points and the recorded EM needle positions. Additionally, the speed of sound is compensated for since calibration is performed in water that has a different speed then is assumed by the US machine. A statistical validation framework has also been developed to provide further information related to the accuracy and consistency of the calibration. Further validation of the calibration showed an accuracy of 1.39 mm.
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Andrew Lang, Vijay Parthasarathy, and Ameet Jain "Calibration of 3D ultrasound to an electromagnetic tracking system", Proc. SPIE 7968, Medical Imaging 2011: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy, 79680W (25 March 2011);

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