4 April 2011 New advances with REBL for maskless high-throughput EBDW lithography
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Abstract
REBL (Reflective Electron Beam Lithography) is a program for the development of a novel approach for highthroughput maskless lithography. The program at KLA-Tencor is funded under the DARPA Maskless Nanowriter Program. A DPG (digital pattern generator) chip containing over 1 million reflective pixels that can be individually turned on or off is used to project an electron beam pattern onto the wafer. The DARPA program is targeting 5 to 7 wafers per hour at the 45 nm node, and this paper will describe improvements to both increase the throughput as well as extend the system to the 2x nm node and beyond. This paper focuses on three specific areas of REBL technology. First, a new column design has been developed based on a Wien filter to separate the illumination and projection beams. The new column design is much smaller, and has better performance both in resolution and throughput than the first column which used a magnetic prism for separation. This new column design is the first step leading to a multiple column system. Second, the rotary stage latest results of a fully integrated DPG CMOS chip with lenslets will be reviewed. An array of over 1 million micro lenses which is fabricated on top of the CMOS DPG chip has been developed. The microlens array eliminates crosstalk between adjacent pixels, maximizes contrast between on and off states, and provides matching of the NA between the DPG reflector and the projection optics.
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Paul Petric, Paul Petric, Chris Bevis, Chris Bevis, Mark McCord, Mark McCord, Allen Carroll, Allen Carroll, Alan Brodie, Alan Brodie, Upendra Ummethala, Upendra Ummethala, Luca Grella, Luca Grella, Anthony Cheung, Anthony Cheung, Regina Freed, Regina Freed, } "New advances with REBL for maskless high-throughput EBDW lithography", Proc. SPIE 7970, Alternative Lithographic Technologies III, 797018 (4 April 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.882636; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.882636
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