20 April 2011 Enhanced defect of interest [DOI] monitoring by utilizing sensitive inspection and ADRTrue SEM review
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Abstract
As semiconductor process design rules continue to shrink, the ability of optical inspection tools to separate between true defects and nuisance becomes more and more difficult. Therefore, monitoring Defect of Interest (DOI) become a real challenge (Figure 1). This phenomenon occurs due to the lower signal received from real defects while noise levels remain almost the same, resulting in inspection high nuisance rate, which jeopardizes the ability to provide a meaningful, true defect Pareto. A non-representative defect Pareto creates a real challenge to a reliable process monitoring (Figure 4). Traditionally, inspection tool recipes were optimized to keep data load at a manageable level and provide defect maps with ~10% nuisance rate, but as defects of interest get smaller with design rule shrinkage, this requirement results in a painful compromise in detection sensitivity. The inspection is usually followed by defect review and classification using scanning electron microscope (SEM), the classification done manually and it is performed on a small sample of the inspection defect map due to time and manual resources limitations. Sample is usually 50~60 randomly selected locations, review is performed manually most of the times, and manual classification is performed for all the reviewed locations. In the approach described in this paper, the inspection tool recipe is optimized for sensitivity rather than low nuisance rate (i.e. detect all DOI with compromising on a higher nuisance rate). Inspection results with high nuisance rate introduce new challenges for SEM review methodology & tools. This paper describe a new approach which enhances process monitoring quality and the results of collaborative work of the Process Diagnostic & Control Business Unit of Applied Materials® and GLOBALFOUNDRIES® utilizing Applied Materials ADRTrueTM & SEMVisionTM capabilities. The study shows that the new approach reveals new defect types in the Pareto, and improves the ability to monitor the process and identify excursion for low magnitude defect of interest.
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Remo Kirsch, Remo Kirsch, Ulrich Zeiske, Ulrich Zeiske, Saar Shabtay, Saar Shabtay, Mirko Beyer, Mirko Beyer, Liran Yerushalmi, Liran Yerushalmi, Oren Goshen, Oren Goshen, } "Enhanced defect of interest [DOI] monitoring by utilizing sensitive inspection and ADRTrue SEM review", Proc. SPIE 7971, Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control for Microlithography XXV, 79712M (20 April 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.881479; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.881479
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