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22 March 2011 Illuminator predictor for effective SMO solutions
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Source Mask Optimization (SMO) is one of the most important techniques available for extending ArF immersion lithography1. However, imaging with a small k12 factor (~0.3 or smaller) is very sensitive to errors in the illumination pupil2. As a result, care must be taken to insure that the source solution from SMO can be produced by the real illuminator, which is subject to its own imaging constraints. One approach is to include an illuminator simulator in the SMO loop so that only realizable illumination pupils are considered during optimization. Furthermore, any illumination pupil predictor used in SMO should operate quickly compared to the imaging simulation if it is to avoid increasing the computational load.
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Daniel G. Smith, Naonori Kita, Nobumichi Kanayamaya, Ryota Matsui, Shane R. Palmer, Tomoyuki Matsuyama, and Donis G. Flagello "Illuminator predictor for effective SMO solutions", Proc. SPIE 7973, Optical Microlithography XXIV, 797309 (22 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.879116;

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