22 March 2011 Gradient-based fast source mask optimization (SMO)
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As lithography still pushing toward to low-k1 region, resolution enhancement techniques (RETs) including source optimization (SO) and mask optimization (MO) are expected to overcome the fundamentally physics in optics. Recently inverse lithography (IL) is widely studied for source and mask optimization (SMO) to enhance the resolution for over diffraction limit integrate circuit (IC) patterns. In this paper, we propose a gradient based SMO algorithm where the SO and MO are two sequential steps due to their different image formation mechanism. Moreover, we employ three cost functions including aerial and resist image and the image contrast which is proposed in our previous work. We show that IL patterns produced by SMO have better pattern fidelity and image contrast than MO only patterns.
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Jue-Chin Yu, Jue-Chin Yu, Peichen Yu, Peichen Yu, "Gradient-based fast source mask optimization (SMO)", Proc. SPIE 7973, Optical Microlithography XXIV, 797320 (22 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.879441; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.879441

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