23 March 2011 Acceleration of osteogenesis by using barium titanate piezoelectric ceramic as an implant material
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Abstract
As bone has piezoelectric properties, it is expected that activity of bone cells and bone formation can be accelerated by applying piezoelectric ceramics to implants. Since lead ions, included in ordinary piezoelectric ceramics, are harmful, a barium titanate (BTO) ceramic, which is a lead-free piezoelectric ceramic, was used in this study. The purpose of this study was to investigate piezoelectric effects of surface charge of BTO on cell differentiation under dynamic loading in vitro. Rat bone marrow cells seeded on surfaces of BTO ceramics were cultured in culture medium supplemented with dexamethasone, β-glycerophosphate and ascorbic acid while a dynamic load was applied to the BTO ceramics. After 10 days of cultivation, the cell layer and synthesized matrix on the BTO surfaces were scraped off, and then DNA content, alkaline phosphtase (ALP) activity and calcium content were measured, to evaluate osteogenic differentiation. ALP activity on the charged BTO surface was slightly higher than that on the non-charged BTO surface. The amount of calcium on the charged BTO surface was also higher than that on the non-charged BTO surface. These results showed that the electric charged BTO surface accelerated osteogenesis.
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K. Furuya, Y. Morita, K. Tanaka, T. Katayama, E. Nakamachi, "Acceleration of osteogenesis by using barium titanate piezoelectric ceramic as an implant material", Proc. SPIE 7975, Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication, 79750U (23 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.881858; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.881858
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