28 March 2011 In-plane DEAP stack actuators for optical MEMS applications
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Recently, stacked dielectric polymer actuators have gained a lot of attention as MEMS actuators. In this paper we present a new kind of in-plane stack actuator. In contrast to its multilayer counterparts, it consists of only one active layer with inter-digitated microstructured soft electrodes which allow for a linear, radial or even asymmetric pulling motion in the working plane. The single layer design makes it in principle compatible with standard MEMS processes like deep reactive ion etching as well as silicone casting for optical components. Nevertheless, the wafer level fabrication process does not require any photolithography or clean room processes. The actuator consists of a microstructured layer of carbon black or nanotube filled PDMS which is suspended over a KOH etched trench on a (111) silicon wafer. The conductive PDMS electrodes are structured by laser ablation and subsequently embedded in a dielectric. The use of a (111) silicon wafer enables a mask less definition of the trench as the (111) layer is almost not attacked by the KOH etchant. The trench is defined by laser induced damage of the silicon wafer, so only exposed areas are etched. This allows for a true rapid prototyping of actuators with a fabrication time of less than one day.
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Jens Brunne, Jens Brunne, Samar Kazan, Samar Kazan, Ulrike Wallrabe, Ulrike Wallrabe, } "In-plane DEAP stack actuators for optical MEMS applications", Proc. SPIE 7976, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2011, 79761U (28 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.880232; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.880232

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