26 May 2011 Micro-Raman spectroscopy study of ALVAC virus infected chicken embryo cells
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Abstract
Micro- Raman spectroscopic investigation of ALVAC virus and of normal chicken embryo fibroblast cells and the cells infected with ALVAC virus labeled with green fluorescence protein (GFP) were performed with a 785 nm laser. Good quality Micro-Raman spectra of the Alvac II virus were obtained. These spectra show that the ALVAC II virus contains buried tyrosine residues and the coat protein of the virus has α-helical structure. A comparison of Raman spectra of normal and virus infected chicken embryo fibroblast cells revealed that the virus infected cells show additional bands at 535, 928, and 1091 cm-1, respectively, corresponding to δ(C-O-C) glycosidic ring, protein α-helix, and DNA (O-P-O) modes. In addition, the tyrosine resonance double (833 and 855 cm-1) shows reversal in the intensity of the higher-frequency band as compared to the normal cells that can be used to identify the infected cells. In the C-H stretching region, the infected cells show bands with higher intensity as compared to that of the corresponding bands in the normal cells. We also found that the presence of GFP does not affect the Raman spectra of samples when using a 785 nm micro-Raman system because the green fluorescence wavelength of GFP is well below the Stokes-Raman shifted spectral region.
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Anupam K. Misra, Lori E. Kamemoto, Ningjie Hu, Ava C. Dykes, Qigui Yu, Pavel V. Zinin, and Shiv K. Sharma "Micro-Raman spectroscopy study of ALVAC virus infected chicken embryo cells", Proc. SPIE 8025, Smart Biomedical and Physiological Sensor Technology VIII, 80250C (26 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.887165; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.887165
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