17 May 2011 LED eye safety considerations in the design of iris capture systems
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Abstract
We have developed a standoff iris biometrics system for improved usability in access-control applications. The system employs an eye illuminator, which is composed of an array of encapsulated near-infrared light emitting diodes (NIRLEDs), which are triggered at the camera frame rate for reduced motion blur and ambient light effects. Neither the standards / recommendations for NIR laser and lamp safety, nor the LED-specific literature address all the specific aspects of LED eye-safety measurement. Therefore, we established exposure limit criteria based on a worst-case scenario combining the following: the CIE/ANSI standard/recommendations for exposure limits; concepts for maximum irradiance level and for strobing from the laser safety standards; and ad-hoc rules minimizing irradiance on the fovea, for handling LED arrays, and for LED mounting density. Although our system was determined as eye safe, future variants may require higher exposure levels and lower safety margins. We therefore discuss system configuration for accurate LED radiometric measurement that will ensure reliable eye-safety evaluation. The considerations and ad hoc rules described in this paper are not, and should not be treated as safety recommendations.
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Gil Abramovich, Gil Abramovich, Frederick W. Wheeler, Frederick W. Wheeler, } "LED eye safety considerations in the design of iris capture systems", Proc. SPIE 8029, Sensing Technologies for Global Health, Military Medicine, Disaster Response, and Environmental Monitoring; and Biometric Technology for Human Identification VIII, 80291X (17 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.883668; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.883668
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