12 May 2011 Compact remote Raman and LIBS system for detection of minerals, water, ices, and atmospheric gases for planetary exploration
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Proceedings Volume 8032, Next-Generation Spectroscopic Technologies IV; 80320Q (2011); doi: 10.1117/12.884392
Event: SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing, 2011, Orlando, Florida, United States
Abstract
At the University of Hawaii, we have developed a compact, portable remote Raman and Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) system with a 532 nm pulsed laser for planetary exploration under the Mars Instrument Development Program. The compact time-resolved remote Raman and LIBS system consists of (i) a regular 85 mm Nikon (F/1.8) camera lens with clear aperture of 50 mm as collection optics, (ii) a miniature spectrograph that occupies 1/14th the volume of a comparable commercial spectrograph from Kaiser Optical Systems Inc., (iii) a custom mini-ICCD detector, and (iv) a small frequency-doubled 532 nm Nd:YAG pulsed laser (30 mJ/pulse, 20 Hz) with a 10x beam expander. In the standoff Raman mode the system is capable of measuring various minerals, water, ices, and atmospheric gases from a 50 meter range with a 10 s integration time. At shorter distances of 10 m or less, good quality Raman spectra can be obtained within 1 s. The time-gated system is capable of detecting both the target mineral as well as the atmospheric gases before the target using their Raman fingerprints. Various materials can easily be identified through glass, plastic, and water media. The time-gating capability makes the system insensitive to window material, which is highly desirable for future missions to Venus where instruments are expected to be within the lander. The standoff LIBS range is 10 m and LIBS spectra of various minerals can be obtained with single laser pulse excitation. The standoff LIBS capability provides additional elemental verification of the targeted material.
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Anupam K. Misra, Shiv K. Sharma, Tayro E. Acosta, David E. Bates, "Compact remote Raman and LIBS system for detection of minerals, water, ices, and atmospheric gases for planetary exploration", Proc. SPIE 8032, Next-Generation Spectroscopic Technologies IV, 80320Q (12 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.884392; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.884392
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KEYWORDS
Raman spectroscopy

Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy

Minerals

Spectrographs

Pulsed laser operation

Target detection

Molecules

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