13 May 2011 τ-SPAD: a new red sensitive single-photon counting module
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Abstract
Single Photon Avalanche Diodes (SPADs) are valuable detectors in numerous photon counting applications in the fields of quantum physics, quantum communication, astronomy, metrology and biomedical analytics. They typically feature a much higher photon detection efficiency than photomultiplier tubes, most importantly in the red to near-infrared range of the spectrum. Very often SPADs are combined with Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting (TCSPC) electronics for time-resolved data acquisition and the temporal resolution ("jitter") of a SPAD is therefore one of the key parameters for selecting a detector. We show technical data and first application results from a new type of red sensitive single photon counting module ("τ-SPAD"), which is targeted at timing applications, most prominently in the area of Single Molecule Spectroscopy (SMS). The τ-SPAD photon counting module combines Laser Components' ultra-low noise VLoK silicon avalanche photodiode with specially developed quenching and readout electronics from PicoQuant. It features an extremely high photon detection efficiency of 75% at 670 nm and can be used to detect single photons over the 400 nm to 1100 nm wavelength range. The timing jitter of the output of the τ-SPAD can be as low as 350 ps, making it suitable for time-resolved fluorescence detection applications. First photon coincidence correlation measurements also show that the typical breakdown flash of SPADs is of comparably low intensity for these new SPADs.
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Gerald Kell, Gerald Kell, Andreas Bülter, Andreas Bülter, Michael Wahl, Michael Wahl, Rainer Erdmann, Rainer Erdmann, } "τ-SPAD: a new red sensitive single-photon counting module", Proc. SPIE 8033, Advanced Photon Counting Techniques V, 803303 (13 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.884754; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.884754
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