1 June 2011 Morphological classification and microanalysis of tire tread particles worn by abrasion or corrosion
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Abstract
Two types of tread wear particles are investigated: tread wear particles from a steel brush abrader (TrBP) and particles produced during a steering pad run (TrSP). A leaching experiment in water at pH = 7.5 for 24 and 48h was carried out on TrBP to simulate environmental degradation. Images of all materials were collected by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) together with element microanalytical (EDX) data. Surface morphology is described by a function of wave number (the "enhanced spectrum") obtained from SEM image analysis and non-linear filtering. A surface roughness index, ρ, is derived from the enhanced spectrum. The innovative contribution of this work is the representation of morphology by means of ρ, which, together with EDX data, allows the quantitative characterization of the materials. In particular, the surface roughness of leached TrBP is shown to decay in time and is related to the corresponding microanalytical data for the first time. The morphology of steering pad TrSP, affected by included mineral particles, is shown to be more heterogeneous. Differences in morphology (enhanced spectra and ρ), elemental composition and surface chemistry of TrBP and TrSP are discussed. All methods described and implemented herewith can be immediately applied to other types of tread wear material. The arguments put forward herewith should help in the proper design of those experiments aimed at assessing the impact of tread wear materials on the environment and on human health.
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Giovanni F. Crosta, "Morphological classification and microanalysis of tire tread particles worn by abrasion or corrosion", Proc. SPIE 8036, Scanning Microscopies 2011: Advanced Microscopy Technologies for Defense, Homeland Security, Forensic, Life, Environmental, and Industrial Sciences, 80360H (1 June 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.883231; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.883231
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