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23 May 2011 A flexible data fusion architecture for persistent surveillance using ultra-low-power wireless sensor networks
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We have developed a flexible, target-driven, multi-modal, physics-based fusion architecture that efficiently searches sensor detections for targets and rejects clutter while controlling the combinatoric problems that commonly arise in datadriven fusion systems. The informational constraints imposed by long lifetime requirements make systems vulnerable to false alarms. We demonstrate that our data fusion system significantly reduces false alarms while maintaining high sensitivity to threats. In addition, mission goals can vary substantially in terms of targets-of-interest, required characterization, acceptable latency, and false alarm rates. Our fusion architecture provides the flexibility to match these trade-offs with mission requirements unlike many conventional systems that require significant modifications for each new mission. We illustrate our data fusion performance with case studies that span many of the potential mission scenarios including border surveillance, base security, and infrastructure protection. In these studies, we deployed multi-modal sensor nodes - including geophones, magnetometers, accelerometers and PIR sensors - with low-power processing algorithms and low-bandwidth wireless mesh networking to create networks capable of multi-year operation. The results show our data fusion architecture maintains high sensitivities while suppressing most false alarms for a variety of environments and targets.
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Jeffrey A. Hanson, Keith L. McLaughlin, and Thomas J. Sereno "A flexible data fusion architecture for persistent surveillance using ultra-low-power wireless sensor networks", Proc. SPIE 8047, Ground/Air Multisensor Interoperability, Integration, and Networking for Persistent ISR II, 80470M (23 May 2011);

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