20 May 2011 Modeling space-based multispectral imaging systems with DIRSIG
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Abstract
The Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) focuses on a next generation global coverage, imaging system to replace the aging Landsat 5 and Landsat 7 systems. The major difference in the new system is the migration from the multi-spectral whiskbroom design employed by the previous generation of sensors to modular focal plane, multi-spectral pushbroom architecture. Further complicating the design shift is that the reflective and thermal acquisition capability is split across two instruments spatially separated on the satellite bus. One of the focuses of the science and engineering teams prior to launch is the ability to provide seamless data continuity with the historic Landsat data archive. Specifically, the challenges of registering and calibrating data from the new system so that long-term science studies are minimally impacted by the change in the system design. In order to provide the science and engineering teams with simulated pre-launch data, an effort was undertaken to create a robust end-to-end model of the LDCM system. The modeling environment is intended to be flexible and incorporate measured data from the actual system components as they were completed and integrated. The output of the modeling environment needs to include not only radiometrically robust imagery, but also the meta-data necessary to exercise the processing pipeline. This paper describes how the Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Image Generation (DIRSIG) model has been utilized to model space-based, multi-spectral imaging (MSI) systems in support of systems engineering trade studies. A mechanism to incorporate measured focal plane projections through the forward optics is described. A hierarchal description of the satellite system is presented including the details of how a multiple instrument platform is described and modeled, including the hierarchical management of temporally correlated jitter that allows engineers to explore impacts of different jitter sources on instrument-to-instrument and band-to-band registration. The capabilities of a new, non-imaging instrument to simulate the measurement of platform ephemeris is also introduced. Finally, the geometric and radiometric foundations for modeling clouds in the DIRSIG model will be described and demonstrated as one of the more significant challenges in registering multi-spectral pushbroom sensor data products.
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Scott D. Brown, Scott D. Brown, Niek J. Sanders, Niek J. Sanders, Adam A. Goodenough, Adam A. Goodenough, Michael Gartley, Michael Gartley, } "Modeling space-based multispectral imaging systems with DIRSIG", Proc. SPIE 8048, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XVII, 804814 (20 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.885540; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.885540
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