3 June 2011 Door surveillance using edge map-based Harris corner detector and active contour orientation
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Abstract
Accurately generating an alarm for a moving door is a precondition for tracking, recognizing and segmenting objects or people entering or exiting the door. The challenge of generating an alarm when a door event occurs is difficult when dealing with complex doors, moving cameras, objects moving or an obscured entrance of the door, together with the presence of varying illumination conditions such as a door-way light being switched on. In this paper, we propose an effective method of tracking the door motion using edge-map information contained within a localised region at the top of the door. The region is located where the top edge of the door displaces every time the door is opened or closed. The proposed algorithm uses the edge-map information to detect the moving corner in the small windowed area with the help of a Harris corner detector. The moving corner detected in the selected region gives an exact coordinate of the door corner in motion, thus helping in generating an alarm to signify that the door is being opened or closed. Additionally, due to the prior selection of the small region, the proposed method nullifies the adverse effects mentioned above and helps prevent different objects that move in front of the door affecting its efficient tracking. The proposed overall method also generates an alarm to signify whether the door was displaced to provide entry or exit. To do this, an active contour orientation is computed to estimate the direction of motion of objects in the door area when an event occurs. This information is used to distinguish between objects and entities entering or exiting the door. A Hough transform is applied on a specific region in the frame to detect a line, which is used to perform error correction to the selected windows. The detected line coordinates are used to nullify the effects of a moving camera platform, thus improving the robustness of the results. The developed algorithm has been tested on all the Door Zone video sequences contained with the United Kingdom Home Office i-LIDs dataset, with promising results.
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Nagachetan Bangalore, Nagachetan Bangalore, Waqas Hassan, Waqas Hassan, Bhargav Mitra, Bhargav Mitra, Philip Birch, Philip Birch, Rupert Young, Rupert Young, Chris Chatwin, Chris Chatwin, } "Door surveillance using edge map-based Harris corner detector and active contour orientation", Proc. SPIE 8056, Visual Information Processing XX, 805608 (3 June 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.883843; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.883843
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