3 June 2011 New gauge fields from extension of parallel transport of vector spaces to underlying scalar fields
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Abstract
Gauge theories can be described by assigning a vector space ¯V (x) to each space time point x. A common set of complex numbers, ¯ C, is usually assumed to be the set of scalars for all the ¯ Vx. This is expanded here to assign a separate set of scalars, ¯ Cx, to ¯ Vx. The freedom of choice of bases, expressed by the action of a gauge group operator on the ¯Vx, is expanded here to include the freedom of choice of scale factors, cy, x, as elements of GL(1, C) that relate ¯ Cy to ¯ Cx. A gauge field representation of cy,x gives two gauge fields, A(x) and iB (x). Inclusion of these fields in the covariant derivatives of Lagrangians results in A(x) appearing as a gauge boson for which mass is optional and B(x) as a massless gauge boson. B(x) appears to be the photon field. The nature of A(x) is not known at present. One does know that the coupling constant of A(x) to matter fields is very small compared to the fine structure constant.
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Paul Benioff, "New gauge fields from extension of parallel transport of vector spaces to underlying scalar fields", Proc. SPIE 8057, Quantum Information and Computation IX, 80570X (3 June 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.895454; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.895454
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