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3 May 2011 An auto-calibrated neural spike recording channel with feature extraction capabilities
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Abstract
This paper presents a power efficient architecture for a neural spike recording channel. The channel offers a selfcalibration operation mode and can be used both for signal tracking (to raw digitize the acquired neural waveform) and feature extraction (to build a PWL approximation of the spikes in order to reduce data bandwidth on the RF-link). The neural threshold voltage is adaptively calculated during the spike detection period using basic digital operations. The neural input signal is amplified and filtered using a LNA, reconfigurable Band-Pass Filter, followed by a fully reconfigurable 8-bit ADC. The key element is the ADC architecture. It is a binary search data converter with a SCimplementation. Due to its architecture, it can be programmed to work either as a PGA, S&H or ADC. In order to allow power saving, inactive blocks are powered off depending on the selected operation mode, ADC sampling frequency is reconfigured and bias current is dynamically adapted during the conversion. Due to the ADC low input capacitance, the power consumption of the input LNA can be decreased and the overall power consumption of the channel is low. The prototype was implemented using a CMOS 0.13um standard process, and it occupies 400um x 400um. Simulations from extracted layout show very promising results. The power consumption of the complete channel for the signal tracking operations is 2.8uW, and is increased to 3.0uW when the feature extraction operation is performed, one of the lowest reported.
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Alberto Rodríguez-Pérez, Jesús Ruiz-Amaya, Manuel Delgado-Restituto, and Ángel Rodríguez-Vázquez "An auto-calibrated neural spike recording channel with feature extraction capabilities", Proc. SPIE 8068, Bioelectronics, Biomedical, and Bioinspired Systems V; and Nanotechnology V, 80680N (3 May 2011); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.886935
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