New generation synchrotron light sources, the X-ray free electron lasers, require a two dimensional focal plane
instrumentation to perform X-ray imaging from below 100eV up to 25keV. The instruments have to face the accelerator
bunch structure and energy bandwidth which is different for existing (FLASH, Hamburg and LCLS, Menlo Park) and
future photon sources (SACLA, Harima and XFEL, Hamburg). Within the frame of the Center for Free Electron Laser
Science (CFEL), a joint effort of the Max-Planck Society, DESY and the University of Hamburg, the MPI
semiconductor laboratory developed, produced and operated large area X-ray CCD detectors with a format of nearly
60cm2 image area. They show outstanding characteristics: a high readout speed due to a complete parallel signal
processing, high and homogeneous quantum efficiency, low signal noise, radiation hardness and a high pixel charge
handling capacitance. We will present measurement results which demonstrate the X-ray spectroscopic and imaging
capabilities of the fabricated devices.
We will also report on the concept and the anticipated properties of the full, large scale system. The implementation of
the detector into an experimental chamber to perform measurements e.g. of macromolecules in order to determine their
structure at atomic resolutions will be shown.