1 June 2011 Automated volumetric stent analysis of in-vivo intracoronary optical coherence tomography three-dimensional datasets
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Abstract
Intra-vascular Optical Coherence Tomography (IV-OCT) is an appropriate imaging modality for the evaluation of stent struts apposition and coverage in the coronary arteries. Most often, image analysis is performed by a time-consuming manual contour tracing process. Recently, we proposed an algorithm for fully automated lumen morphology and individual stent struts apposition/coverage quantification. In this manuscript further developments allowing for automatic segmentation of the stent contour are presented. As such, quantification of in-stent area, malapposition cross-sectional area (i.e. the area representing the space from the stent surface to the vessel wall) and coverage cross-sectional area (i.e. the area of the tissue covering the stent surface) are automatically obtained. Volumetric measurements of malapposition and coverage are then achieved through the analysis of equally-spaced consecutive IV-OCT cross-sectional images. In addition, uncovered and malapposed struts are automatically clustered through consecutive slices according to their three-dimensional spatial position. Finally, properties of each cluster (e.g. malapposition/coverage volumes and struts spatial location and distribution) are quantified allowing for a volumetric analysis of the implanted device. Validation of the algorithm was obtained taking as a reference manual measurements performed by an expert cardiologist. 102 in-vivo images, taken at random from 8 different patients, were both automatically and manually analyzed quantifying lumen and stent area. High Pearson's correlation coefficients (Rarea = 0.99) and Bland-Altman statistics, showing no significant bias and good limits of agreement, proved that the presented algorithm provides a robust and fast tool to automatically estimate apposition and coverage of stent through an entire in-vivo IV-OCT pullback. Such a tool will be important for the integration of this technology in clinical routine and large clinical trials.
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Giovanni J. Ughi, Tom Adriaenssens, Kevin Onsea, Christophe Dubois, Mark Coosemans, Peter Sinnaeve, Walter Desmet, Jan D'hooge, "Automated volumetric stent analysis of in-vivo intracoronary optical coherence tomography three-dimensional datasets", Proc. SPIE 8091, Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Techniques V, 809110 (1 June 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.889637; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.889637
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