23 September 2011 Compact collimators for high-brightness blue LEDs using dielectric multilayers
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A novel method is presented to inject the light of millimeter-sized high-brightness blue LEDs into light guides of submillimeter thickness. Use is made of an interference filter that is designed to pass only those modes that will propagate in the light guide by total internal reflection. Other modes are reflected back to the LED cavity and recycled, leading to an increased brightness. With this method a collimator has been designed and made that is only 1mm thick, with a diameter of 6.5mm. It creates a beam of 26deg Full Width at Half Maximum. Presently, collimators with these characteristics have a thickness of 10-20mm and a diameter of 20-30mm and require careful mounting and alignment. The new collimator contains a 4.5micron thick interference filter made of 54 layers of Nb2O5 and SiO2 layers. The filter is optically coupled to the LED with Silicone adhesive which makes the configuration very robust. A cylindrical lightguide, tapered from 6.5mm to 2.5mm diameter and 1mm thick captures the light that passes the filter, folds the light path and redirects the beam. Measurements on collimator prototypes show good agreement with the designed characteristics. This promising approach enables much more compact collimators optics that offer material cost savings and design freedom.
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Hugo J. Cornelissen, Hugo J. Cornelissen, Haiyan Ma, Haiyan Ma, Chenhung Ho, Chenhung Ho, Meijie Li, Meijie Li, Cong Mu, Cong Mu, } "Compact collimators for high-brightness blue LEDs using dielectric multilayers", Proc. SPIE 8123, Eleventh International Conference on Solid State Lighting, 81230J (23 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.894977; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.894977

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