9 September 2011 3D imaging with a single-aperture 3-mm objective lens: concept, fabrication, and test
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There are many advantages to minimally invasive surgery (MIS). An endoscope is the optical system of choice by the surgeon for MIS. The smaller the incision or opening made to perform the surgery, the smaller the optical system needed. For minimally invasive neurological and skull base surgeries the openings are typically 10-mm in diameter (dime sized) or less. The largest outside diameter (OD) endoscope used is 4mm. A significant drawback to endoscopic MIS is that it only provides a monocular view of the surgical site thereby lacking depth information for the surgeon. A stereo view would provide the surgeon instantaneous depth information of the surroundings within the field of view, a significant advantage especially during brain surgery. Providing 3D imaging in an endoscopic objective lens system presents significant challenges because of the tight packaging constraints. This paper presents a promising new technique for endoscopic 3D imaging that uses a single lens system with complementary multi-bandpass filters (CMBFs), and describes the proof-of-concept demonstrations performed to date validating the technique. These demonstrations of the technique have utilized many commercial off-the- shelf (COTS) components including the ones used in the endoscope objective.
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Ronald Korniski, Ronald Korniski, Sam Y. Bae, Sam Y. Bae, Michael Shearn, Michael Shearn, Harish Manohara, Harish Manohara, Hrayr Shahinian, Hrayr Shahinian, "3D imaging with a single-aperture 3-mm objective lens: concept, fabrication, and test", Proc. SPIE 8129, Novel Optical Systems Design and Optimization XIV, 812904 (9 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.894110; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.894110


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