12 September 2011 Overcoming the quantum projection noise (QPN) limit without preparation of the spin-squeezed state
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Abstract
Atomic clocks have reached the Quantum Projection Noise (QPN) limit of stability and it has been proposed to use the entangled atomic ensemble in order to overcome the QPN limit. We have proposed a new method to lock the phase of the Local Oscillator (LO) to the atomic phase and call, "atomic phase lock (APL)." This APL could possibly overcome the QPN limit without need of preparing the entangled atomic ensemble. Traditional Ramsey method destroys the coherence of the atomic spin due to the projection measurement at each cycle. This destruction and initialization of the phase at each cycle introduce additional noise and the performance of the atomic clock is limited at the white frequency noise level. APL employs dispersion measurements, i.e. Faraday rotation, in order to measure the phase difference without destroying the atomic phase. By repeating the measurement cycle with sufficiently small dead time, one can suppress the LO noise down to white phase noise level, achieving the τ-1 dependence of the Allan variance that can eventually overcome the QPN limit in long term. We are preparing a proof-of-principle experiment using the ensemble of trapped 171Yb+ ions with hyperfine splitting (12.6 GHz) as a clock transition and report the current status of the experiment as well.
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
N. Shiga, M. Takeuchi, "Overcoming the quantum projection noise (QPN) limit without preparation of the spin-squeezed state", Proc. SPIE 8132, Time and Frequency Metrology III, 813207 (12 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.892674; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.892674
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