28 September 2011 Diffraction efficiencies of holographic laminar and blazed types gratings for use in a flat-field spectrograph in the 50-200 eV range for transmission electron microscopes
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 8139, Advances in X-Ray/EUV Optics and Components VI; 81390V (2011); doi: 10.1117/12.893382
Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2011, San Diego, California, United States
Abstract
A versatile soft x-ray flat-field grating spectrograph to be installed to a conventional transmission electron microscope has been developed. A holographic spherical grating of a 1200-lines/mm effective groove density which places emphasis on the low energy region of 50-200 eV is designed by an aspheric wavefront recording system. Laminar and blazed types master (LM and BM) gratings and their respective replica (LR and BR) gratings are fabricated by holographic exposure and ion-beam etching methods. Absolute diffraction efficiencies in the 50-300 eV range at the angle of incidence of 86.0 degrees were measured using a synchrotron radiation. The first order diffraction efficiencies are 6.1-7.5% (or 12%) for LM (or BM) and 7.4-9.6% (or 13%) for LR (or BR) gratings at near 55 eV, and over 5% (or 8%) in the 50-200 eV range for LM and LR (or BM and BR) gratings. The replica gratings show the comparable first-order diffraction efficiencies with their respective laminar and blazed types of master gratings.
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
T. Imazono, M. Koike, T. Kawachi, M. Koeda, T. Nagano, H. Sasai, Y. Oue, Z. Yonezawa, S. Kuramoto, K. Sano, "Diffraction efficiencies of holographic laminar and blazed types gratings for use in a flat-field spectrograph in the 50-200 eV range for transmission electron microscopes", Proc. SPIE 8139, Advances in X-Ray/EUV Optics and Components VI, 81390V (28 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.893382; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.893382
PROCEEDINGS
9 PAGES


SHARE
KEYWORDS
Diffraction gratings

Diffraction

Spectrographs

Lawrencium

Holography

X-rays

Optical design

Back to Top