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28 September 2011 High spatial resolution with zoomable saw-tooth refractive lenses?
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Refractive x-ray lenses can be assembled from two opposing saw-tooth structures, when they are inclined with respect to each other and almost touch at one end. An incident plane wave will then traverse a varying number of triangular prisms, which direct the beam towards the optical axis and focus it. Optically speaking the plane wave traverses a parabolic lens profile, which is approximated by trapezoidal segments. The parabolic profile will focus ideally, when a lens can be discussed in the "thin lens" approximation. Now the saw-tooth refractive lens is found to be too "thick". The residual aberrations limit the focusing capability to just submicrometer focusing, significantly above the limit in diffraction limited focusing. It is shown that the aberrations can be removed by introducing a variation into the originally constant saw-tooth angle. After this modification the lens can be operated in the diffraction limited regime. Spot sizes even below 0.1 micrometer are then feasible. This performance in terms of spatial resolution is found to be limited to focusing to microspots and is not available, when the saw-tooth refractive lens is used in an imaging setup. In this case the spatial resolution deteriorates rapidly with increasing off axis distance of the object to be imaged.
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Werner Jark "High spatial resolution with zoomable saw-tooth refractive lenses?", Proc. SPIE 8139, Advances in X-Ray/EUV Optics and Components VI, 81390W (28 September 2011);


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