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13 September 2011 Spectral calibration and modeling of the NuSTAR CdZnTe pixel detectors
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Abstract
The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) will be the first space mission to focus in the hard X-ray (5-80 keV) band. The NuSTAR instrument carries two co-aligned grazing incidence hard X-ray telescopes. Each NuSTAR focal plane consists of four 2 mm CdZnTe hybrid pixel detectors, each with an active collecting area of 2 cm x 2 cm. Each hybrid consists of a 32x32 array of 605 μm pixels, read out with the Caltech custom low-noise NuCIT ASIC. In order to characterize the spectral response of each pixel to the degree required to meet the science calibration requirements, we have developed a model based on Geant4 together with the Shockley-Ramo theorem customized to the NuSTAR hybrid design. This model combines a Monte Carlo of the X-ray interactions with subsequent charge transport within the detector. The combination of this model and calibration data taken using radioactive sources of 57Co, 155Eu and 241Am enables us to determine electron and hole mobility-lifetime products for each pixel, and to compare actual to ideal performance expected for defect-free material.
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Takao Kitaguchi, Brian W. Grefenstette, Fiona A. Harrison, Hiromasa Miyasaka, Varun B. Bhalerao, Walter R. Cook III, Peter H. Mao, Vikram R. Rana, Steven E. Boggs, and Andreas C. Zoglauer "Spectral calibration and modeling of the NuSTAR CdZnTe pixel detectors", Proc. SPIE 8145, UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XVII, 814507 (13 September 2011); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.896972
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