16 September 2011 Large Binocular Telescope Adaptive Optics System: new achievements and perspectives in adaptive optics
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The Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) is a unique telescope featuring two co-mounted optical trains with 8.4m primary mirrors. The telescope Adaptive Optics (AO) system uses two innovative key components, namely an adaptive secondary mirror with 672 actuators and a high-order pyramid wave-front sensor. During the on-sky commissioning such a system reached performances never achieved before on large ground-based optical telescopes. Images with 40mas resolution and Strehl Ratios higher than 80% have been acquired in H band (1.6 μm). Such images showed a contrast as high as 10-4. Based on these results, we compare the performances offered by a Natural Guide Star (NGS) system upgraded with the state-of-the-art technology and those delivered by existing Laser Guide Star (LGS) systems. The comparison, in terms of sky coverage and performances, suggests rethinking the current role ascribed to NGS and LGS in the next generation of AO systems for the 8-10 meter class telescopes and Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs).
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
S. Esposito, S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, A. Riccardi, E. Pinna, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Puglisi, F. Quirós-Pacheco, F. Quirós-Pacheco, C. Arcidiacono, C. Arcidiacono, M. Xompero, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, R. Briguglio, G. Agapito, G. Agapito, L. Busoni, L. Busoni, L. Fini, L. Fini, J. Argomedo, J. Argomedo, A. Gherardi, A. Gherardi, G. Brusa, G. Brusa, D. Miller, D. Miller, J. C. Guerra, J. C. Guerra, P. Stefanini, P. Stefanini, P. Salinari, P. Salinari, } "Large Binocular Telescope Adaptive Optics System: new achievements and perspectives in adaptive optics", Proc. SPIE 8149, Astronomical Adaptive Optics Systems and Applications IV, 814902 (16 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.898641; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.898641


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