15 September 2011 A starshade petal error budget for exo-earth detection and characterization
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We present a starshade error budget with engineering requirements that are well within the current manufacturing and metrology capabilities. The error budget is based on an observational scenario in which the starshade spins about its axis on timescales short relative to the zodi-limited integration time, typically several hours. The scatter from localized petal errors is smoothed into annuli around the center of the image plane, resulting in a large reduction in the background flux variation while reducing thermal gradients caused by structural shadowing. Having identified the performance sensitivity to petal shape errors with spatial periods of 3-4 cycles/petal as the most challenging aspect of the design, we have adopted and modeled a manufacturing approach that mitigates these perturbations with 1-m long precision edge segments positioned using commercial metrology that readily meets assembly requirements. We have performed detailed thermal modeling and show that the expected thermal deformations are well within the requirements as well. We compare the requirements for four cases: a 32 m diameter starshade with a 1.5 m telescope, analyzed at 75 and 90 mas, and a 40 m diameter starshade with a 4 m telescope, analyzed at 60 and 75 mas.
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Stuart B. Shaklan, Stuart B. Shaklan, Luis Marchen, Luis Marchen, P. Douglas Lisman, P. Douglas Lisman, Eric Cady, Eric Cady, Stefan Martin, Stefan Martin, Mark Thomson, Mark Thomson, Philip Dumont, Philip Dumont, N. Jeremy Kasdin, N. Jeremy Kasdin, } "A starshade petal error budget for exo-earth detection and characterization", Proc. SPIE 8151, Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets V, 815113 (15 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.892834; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.892834

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