13 September 2011 Improved surface and tropospheric temperatures determined using only shortwave channels: the AIRS Science Team Version-6 retrieval algorithm
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Abstract
The Goddard DISC has generated products derived from AIRS/AMSU-A observations, starting from September 2002 when the AIRS instrument became stable, using the AIRS Science Team Version-5 retrieval algorithm. The AIRS Science Team Version-6 retrieval algorithm will be finalized in September 2011. This paper describes some of the significant improvements contained in the Version-6 retrieval algorithm, compared to that used in Version-5, with an emphasis on the improvement of atmospheric temperature profiles, ocean and land surface skin temperatures, and ocean and land surface spectral emissivities. AIRS contains 2378 spectral channels covering portions of the spectral region 650 cm-1 (15.38 μm) - 2665 cm-1 (3.752 μm). These spectral regions contain significant absorption features from two CO2 absorption bands, the 15 μm (longwave) CO2 band, and the 4.3 μm (shortwave) CO2 absorption band. There are also two atmospheric window regions, the 12 μm - 8 μm (longwave) window, and the 4.17 μm - 3.75 μm (shortwave) window. Historically, determination of surface and atmospheric temperatures from satellite observations was performed using primarily observations in the longwave window and CO2 absorption regions. According to cloud clearing theory, more accurate soundings of both surface skin and atmospheric temperatures can be obtained under partial cloud cover conditions if one uses observations in longwave channels to determine coefficients which generate cloud cleared radiances Ri for all channels, and uses Ri only from shortwave channels in the determination of surface and atmospheric temperatures. This procedure is now being used in the AIRS Version-6 Retrieval Algorithm. Results are presented for both daytime and nighttime conditions showing improved Version-6 surface and atmospheric soundings under partial cloud cover.
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Joel Susskind, Joel Susskind, John Blaisdell, John Blaisdell, Lena Iredell, Lena Iredell, "Improved surface and tropospheric temperatures determined using only shortwave channels: the AIRS Science Team Version-6 retrieval algorithm", Proc. SPIE 8153, Earth Observing Systems XVI, 815306 (13 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.893558; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.893558
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