13 September 2011 The VIIRS ocean data simulator enhancements and results
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Abstract
The VIIRS Ocean Science Team (VOST) has been developing an Ocean Data Simulator to create realistic VIIRS SDR datasets based on MODIS water-leaving radiances. The simulator is helping to assess instrument performance and scientific processing algorithms. Several changes were made in the last two years to complete the simulator and broaden its usefulness. The simulator is now fully functional and includes all sensor characteristics measured during prelaunch testing, including electronic and optical crosstalk influences, polarization sensitivity, and relative spectral response. Also included is the simulation of cloud and land radiances to make more realistic data sets and to understand their important influence on nearby ocean color data. The atmospheric tables used in the processing, including aerosol and Rayleigh reflectance coefficients, have been modeled using VIIRS relative spectral responses. The capabilities of the simulator were expanded to work in an unaggregated sample mode and to produce scans with additional samples beyond the standard scan. These features improve the capability to realistically add artifacts which act upon individual instrument samples prior to aggregation and which may originate from beyond the actual scan boundaries. The simulator was expanded to simulate all 16 M-bands and the EDR processing was improved to use these bands to make an SST product. The simulator is being used to generate global VIIRS data from and in parallel with the MODIS Aqua data stream. Studies have been conducted using the simulator to investigate the impact of instrument artifacts. This paper discusses the simulator improvements and results from the artifact impact studies.
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Wayne D. Robinson, Wayne D. Robinson, Frederick S. Patt, Frederick S. Patt, Bryan A. Franz, Bryan A. Franz, Kevin R. Turpie, Kevin R. Turpie, Charles R. McClain, Charles R. McClain, } "The VIIRS ocean data simulator enhancements and results", Proc. SPIE 8153, Earth Observing Systems XVI, 81531P (13 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.892936; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.892936
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