13 September 2011 Seasonal hemispherical SWIR airglow imaging
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Abstract
Airglow luminescence in the SWIR region due to upper atmospheric recombination of solar excited molecules is a well accepted phenomenon. While the intensity appears broadly uniform over the whole sky hemisphere, we are interested in variations in four areas: 1) fine periodic features known as gravity waves, 2) broad patterns across the whole sky, 3) temporal variations in the hemispheric mean irradiance over the course of the night, and 4) long term seasonal variations in the mean irradiance. An experiment is described and results presented covering a full year of high resolution hemispheric SWIR irradiance images. An automated gimbal views 45 hemispheric positions, using 30 second durations, and repeats approximately every half hour through out the night. The gimbal holds co-mounted and bore-sighted visible and SWIR cameras. Measuring airglow with respect to spatial, temporal, and seasonal variations will facilitate understanding its behavior and possible benefits, such as night vision and predicting upper atmosphere turbulence. The measurements were performed in a tropical marine location on the island of Kauai Hi.
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Jeffrey Allen, Jeffrey Allen, David C. Dayton, David C. Dayton, John D. Gonglewski, John D. Gonglewski, Michael M. Myers, Michael M. Myers, Rudolph Nolasco, Rudolph Nolasco, } "Seasonal hemispherical SWIR airglow imaging", Proc. SPIE 8165, Unconventional Imaging, Wavefront Sensing, and Adaptive Coded Aperture Imaging and Non-Imaging Sensor Systems, 81650P (13 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.895455; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.895455
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