MODIS-Terra is one of the key sensors in the suite of remote sensing instruments in the Earth Observing System
(EOS). MODIS on the Terra platform was launched into orbit in December of 1999 and has successfully completed
eleven plus years of operation. MODIS has 36 spectral channels with wavelengths varying from 0.4 μm to 14.4 μm.
The native spatial resolutions for the reflective channels are 2 bands at 0.25 km, 5 bands at 0.5 km and 29 bands at
1km. However, the MODIS L1B product allows the high spatial resolution bands to be aggregated into 1km
resolution. All the thermal channels in MODIS (i.e. 3.75μm - 14.24μm) have a native spatial resolution of 1 km.
Over the eleven plus years of mission lifetime, the sensor degradation has been carefully monitored using various
On-Board Calibrators (OBC). In particular, the thermal channels are monitored using the on-board Black-Body (BB)
which is traceable to NIST standards. MODIS also has a unique feature for calibration reference in terms of lunar
irradiance. The lunar observations are scheduled for MODIS periodically (at least 9 observations in a calendar year).
Based on the lunar observations, it was found that there was a possible signal leak for band 27 from its neighboring
bands located on the Long-Wave Infrared (LWIR) focal plane. Further investigations revealed a possible leak from
bands 28, 29 and 30. The magnitude of the leak was trended and correction coefficients were derived. In this paper,
we demonstrate the across-band signal leak in MODIS band 27, its potential impact on the retrieved Brightness
temperature (B.T.). Also, the paper explores a correction methodology to relieve the artifacts due to the across-band
signal leak. Finally, the improvement in the band 27 image quality is quantified.