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8 September 2011 Evaluation of the operating range for ground-based infrared imaging tracking system
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Abstract
Ground-based infrared imaging tracking system (GIITS) is of great importance for aerial target warning and guard. The operating range is one of the key performance specifications, which should be calculated, analyzed and studied during the whole GIITS design process. The operating range is mostly influenced by a few factors, including atmospheric attenuation, the performance of GIITS and feature of target and background. This paper firstly makes analysis and summarization on the definite localizations of the traditional operating range equation of the GIITS. The localizations are mainly in two aspects. On one hand, the dispersion of the image and the effect of image dispersion are not considered in the traditional method; on the other, calculate the radiation power received on the detector in order to analysis whether the output signal meets the detection requirements or not, without considering the effect of the background radiation. By improving of the traditional method, a new operating range calculation model of the GIITS was established based on two requirements. One is that the image size of observed target should meet the requirement of the processor signal extraction. The number of the pixel occupied by target image should be more than 9. The other is that the signal noise ratio (SNR) of the GIITS should not be less than 5 to meet the requirements of the target detection probability and spatial frequency. The SNR calculation equation in form of energy is deduced and the radiation characteristic of the observed target and background are analyzed. When evaluate the operating range of the GIITS using the new method, we should successively calculate two operating range values according to two requirements mentioned above and choose the minimum value as the analytic result. In the end, an evaluation of operating range for fighter aircraft is accomplished as an example. The influence factors in every aspect on operating range were explored by the calculated result. The new operating range calculation model provides the theoretical basis for the design and applications as well as the comprehensive evaluation of a GIITS.
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Bin Zhang, Zhen-duo Zhang, and Shu-mei Zhang "Evaluation of the operating range for ground-based infrared imaging tracking system", Proc. SPIE 8193, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2011: Advances in Infrared Imaging and Applications, 81930V (8 September 2011); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.899458
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