8 September 2011 A millimeter wave image fusion algorithm design and optimization based on CDF97 wavelet transform
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Abstract
Millimeter wave imaging technology provides a new detection method for security, fast and safe. But the wave of the images is its own shortcomings, such as noise and low sensitivity. Systems used for security, since only the corresponding specific objects to retain the information, and other information missing, so the actual image is difficult to locate in the millimeter wave . Image fusion approach can be used to effectively solve this problem. People usually use visible and millimeter-wave image fusion. The use of visible image contains the visual information. The fused image can be more convenient site for the detection of concealed weapons and to provide accurate positioning. The integration of information from different detectors, and there are different between the two levels of signal to noise ratio and pixel resolution, so traditional pixel-level fusion methods often cannot satisfy the fusion. Many experts and scholars apply wavelet transform approach to deal with some remote sensing image fusion, and the performance has been greatly improved. Due to these wavelet transform algorithm with complexity and large amount of computation, many algorithms are still in research stage. In order to improve the fusion performance and gain the real-time image fusion, an Integer Wavelet Transform CDF97 based with regional energy enhancement fusion algorithm is proposed in this paper. First, this paper studies of choice of wavelet operator. The paper invites several characteristics to evaluate the performance of wavelet operator used in image fusion. Results show that CDF97 wavelet fusion performance is better than traditional wavelet wavelets such as db wavelet, the vanishing moment longer the better. CDF97 wavelet has good energy concentration characteristic. The low frequency region of the transformed image contains almost the whole image energy. The target in millimeter wave image often has the low-pass characteristics and with a higher energy compare to the ambient region. Based on this assumption, a new fusion rule is proposed here. Firstly, get the low-frequency part of the selection matrix according to the comparison regional low-frequency energy matrix of the two images. Then, taking into account the consistency and continuity of low-frequency detail, high frequency and low frequency selection matrix can be the same. And this can ensure a better fusion of the edge of the image characteristics. Simulation results show that this algorithm's performance is much better compared to traditional energy-weighted and average method, though less quantitative comparison point compared to the region based method, yet, the difference is small according to the visible evaluation. This algorithm is tested in the self-developed image processing platform based on DM642. By using the optimization strategy, the speed of 256 × 256 dual-channel image fusion can be more than 28 F/S. Therefore, the proposed fusion algorithm can meet the system performance and application requirements.
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Jian-cheng Yu, Jian-cheng Yu, Bo-yang Chen, Bo-yang Chen, A-lin Xia, A-lin Xia, Xin-guang Liu, Xin-guang Liu, } "A millimeter wave image fusion algorithm design and optimization based on CDF97 wavelet transform", Proc. SPIE 8193, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2011: Advances in Infrared Imaging and Applications, 81931V (8 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.900197; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.900197
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