Detection technology of polarization imaging, which can detect the polarization state of light emitted or reflected from
targets, has potential applications in space target detection and remote sensing. There are two methods for polarization
state detection: time-sequential polarization detection and simultaneous polarization detection. In contrast with the
well-studied time-sequential acquisition systems, the Simultaneous Imaging Polarization (SIP, one kind of simultaneous
polarization detection) is a novel type of polarization imaging technology which is attracting more and more research
interest. Since the polarization intensity images of 0, 45, 90 and 135 degrees from the same target can be simultaneously
obtained on one detector, false polarization effects being introduced by targets' rapidly motion is avoided, which is
difficult in time-sequential polarization detection system.
There are seven major contributions in this paper. First, we gave a briefly introduction about the detection
technology of imaging polarization. Second, the polarization detection principle of SIP detection system was presented.
In the third part, the design of SIP experimental setup was showed. In the fourth part, we introduced image registration of
the instrument in derail. The calibration of the instrument was shown in part five. Specifically, the depolarization of the
instrument was calibrated by integrating sphere and the precision of polarization detection was tested by Variable
Polarization Light Source (VPLS). The sixth part showed the polarization measurement results and their discussions.
Finally, the conclusions and further improvement of this system were presented in the seventh part.