15 August 2011 Analysis of image restoration and evaluation for diffraction-degraded remote sensing image
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Abstract
A ringing effect often occurs in restored images, and its typical feature is that there are Gibbs-like oscillations in the neighboring areas of an image with sharp gray scale variations. The existence of the ringing effect causes it to be difficult for the restored images to be subsequently processed and some image quality evaluation methods to be invalid. In this paper, we studied several image restoration methods for diffraction-degraded remote sensing image: a Wiener filtering algorithm that is a simple and rapid image restoration algorithm, which is especially suitable for images without noise and with accurate PSF estimation and a small degree of blurring; an RL (Richardson-Lucy) algorithm that can gradually improve the image definition with an increase in iterations but the ringing effect becomes more and more significant; and a TV (total variation) algorithm that is a normalization algorithm based on noise and ringing suppression. We used multiple parameters to evaluate the restored images, including BDQ (block difference quality), GMG (gray mean grads), LS (Laplacian operator sum), and LE (large entropy), for which reference image are not required, as well as PSNR (peak signal noise ratio), SSIM (structural similarity), GRM(Gradient Ringing Metric) and HVSWGM (weighted gradient metric based on human visual system), for which reference image are required. The results show that the HVSWGM method is insensitive to the ringing effect occurring in image restoration and the evaluation result is completely consistent with a subjective evaluation result with a human visual system, and that many non-reference methods fail completely in assessing restored image with ringing effect, and only BDQ method is able to conform to subjective evaluation method to some extent.
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Qi Li, Qi Li, Zhihai Xu, Zhihai Xu, Huajun Feng, Huajun Feng, Xiaoping Tao, Xiaoping Tao, Jufeng Zhao, Jufeng Zhao, } "Analysis of image restoration and evaluation for diffraction-degraded remote sensing image", Proc. SPIE 8196, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2011: Space Exploration Technologies and Applications, 819607 (15 August 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.897423; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.897423
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