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30 January 2012 Evaluation of cross-polarized near infrared hyperspectral imaging for early detection of dental caries
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Proceedings Volume 8208, Lasers in Dentistry XVIII; 82080G (2012)
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2012, San Francisco, California, United States
Despite major improvements in dental healthcare and oral hygiene, dental caries remains one of the most prevalent oral diseases and represents the primary cause of oral pain and tooth loss. The initial stages of dental caries are characterized by demineralization of enamel crystals and are difficult to diagnose. Near infrared (NIR) hyperspectral imaging is a new promising technique for detection of early changes in the surfaces of carious teeth. This noninvasive imaging technique can characterize and differentiate between the sound tooth surface and initial or advanced tooth caries. The absorbing and scattering properties of dental tissues reflect in distinct spectral features, which can be measured, quantified and used to accurately classify and map different dental tissues. Specular reflections from the tooth surface, which appear as bright spots, mostly located around the edges and the crests of the teeth, act as a noise factor which can significantly interfere with the spectral measurements and analysis of the acquired images, degrading the accuracy of the classification and diagnosis. Employing cross-polarized imaging setup can solve this problem, however has yet to be systematically evaluated, especially in broadband hyperspectral imaging setups. In this paper, we employ cross-polarized illumination setup utilizing state-of-the-art high-contrast broadband wire-grid polarizers in the spectral range from 900 nm to 1700 nm for hyperspectral imaging of natural and artificial carious lesions of various degrees.
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Peter Usenik, Miran Bürmen, Aleš Fidler, Franjo Pernuš, and Boštjan Likar "Evaluation of cross-polarized near infrared hyperspectral imaging for early detection of dental caries", Proc. SPIE 8208, Lasers in Dentistry XVIII, 82080G (30 January 2012);

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