2 February 2012 Determination of oxygen saturation of the optic nerve head and overlying artery and vein using a snapshot multi-spectral imaging system
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Abstract
We have developed a snapshot optical imaging system capable of taking multiple images simultaneously and sending them to a CCD detector. Using an innovative lens array design, the beam obtained from the fundus camera is segmented into several different images passed through several different bandpass filters. Each bandpass filter defines a unique spectral region of imaging. The images are taken simultaneously into a large silicone chip with a dynamic range of 16 bits (highly sensitive) and are integrated with a single optical connection to a digital fundus camera. Our algorithm maps blood oxygen saturation of the retina using several wavelengths. These wavelengths are capable of approximating the whole hemoglobin spectrum and have been found from a previously developed hyperspectral algorithm. They include four isosbestic points (522, 548, 569, and 586 nm) and three oxygen-sensitive points (542, 560, and 586 nm) where the difference between fully oxygenated and deoxygenated blood is at a maximum. Using MatLab code, color maps of oxygen saturation are produced. The average value taken from all vein areas was 60.53%, assuming that the artery oxygen saturation value is 98%. Oxygen saturation of the tissue was 75.78%. Oxygen saturations of the temporal/inferior/nasal veins ranged from 61.86% to 63.37%; the superior vein was significantly lower (54.19%). Tissue oxygen saturations in different quadrants of the eye ranged from 74.17% to 76.74%. Our algorithm has been developed for measuring oxygen saturation of the retina clinically. This was done for one subject only; further work can extend the measurements to different pigments.
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Bahram Khoobehi, Bahram Khoobehi, Alexander Eaton, Alexander Eaton, Hussein Wafapoor, Hussein Wafapoor, Paul Fournier, Paul Fournier, Kim Firn, Kim Firn, Matt Peters, Matt Peters, Ellie Rodebeck, Ellie Rodebeck, Brian Templet, Brian Templet, } "Determination of oxygen saturation of the optic nerve head and overlying artery and vein using a snapshot multi-spectral imaging system", Proc. SPIE 8229, Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XII: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics; and Design and Performance Validation of Phantoms Used in Conjunction with Optical Measurement of Tissue IV, 822906 (2 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.910030; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.910030
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