22 February 2012 Frequency chirp stabilization in semiconductor distributed feedback lasers with external control
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Abstract
It is well known that current modulation in diode lasers generates amplitude (AM) and optical frequency (FM) modulations. The frequency chirp under direct current modulation originates from variations in the carrier density and from the finite difference in carrier density between the laser on and off states. Modulation of the carrier density modulates the gain and the optical index causing the resonant mode to shift. This frequency chirp broadens the spectrum, which is a serious limitation for high-speed applications and optical fiber communications. At low frequencies, thermal effects also alter the frequency chirp. The aim of this paper is to show that the laser's frequency chirp can be modified using an external control technique. The chirp response is evaluated via the determination of the chirp-to-power ratio (CPR) through a Mach-Zehnder interferometer. Experiments demonstrate that when an external optical feedback is properly adjusted, the CPR can be severely decreased over a wide range of modulation frequencies as compared to the free-running case. These preliminary results obtained on quantum well distributed feedback lasers (QW DFB) with low normalized coupling coefficient (κL) demonstrate how to stabilize the CPR through the DFB facet phase effects or parameters such as the linewidth enhancement factor. In order to confirm this frequency chirp engineering, selfconsistent calculations based on the transfer matrix method are also presented.
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F. Grillot, F. Grillot, J. G. Provost, J. G. Provost, K. Kechaou, K. Kechaou, B. Thedrez, B. Thedrez, D. Erasme, D. Erasme, } "Frequency chirp stabilization in semiconductor distributed feedback lasers with external control", Proc. SPIE 8255, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XX, 825507 (22 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.906470; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.906470
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