27 February 2012 AlGaN polarization doping effects on the efficiency of blue LEDs
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Abstract
The development and application of nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) is hindered by the low hole conductivity of Mg-doped layers. As an alternative, polarization-induced hole doping of graded p-AlGaN layers was recently demonstrated. Using previously manufactured 440nm LEDs as device examples, this paper evaluates the effect of polarization doping by advanced numerical device simulation, both for Ga-face and N-face growth. Recently published material parameters are employed in the simulation, including new data for the Auger coefficients. The simulations reveal that Auger recombination is the main carrier loss mechanism in these devices, electron leakage seems to exert a much smaller influence on the internal quantum efficiency. The importance of internal physical mechanism is studied in detail, including the Poole-Frenkel field ionization of Mg acceptors, which is commonly held responsible for polarization doping effects. Surprisingly, we find that the field ionization inside the graded p-AlGaN layers is not stronger than in conventional electron blocking layers.
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Joachim Piprek, Joachim Piprek, "AlGaN polarization doping effects on the efficiency of blue LEDs", Proc. SPIE 8262, Gallium Nitride Materials and Devices VII, 82620E (27 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.904744; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.904744
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